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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 294-298

Association of extracurricular activities and burnout among students in a dental teaching institution in India

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Venkitachalam Ramanarayanan
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Amrita School of Dentistry, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_95_21

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Background: Burnout syndrome (BS) is related to work and is generally seen among health-care professionals including students. Students use various coping mechanisms to deal with stress and burnout and extracurricular activities are one among them. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the burnout levels of dental students and its association with the indulgence in extracurricular activities (ECA). Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was conducted among students of a deemed university dental school in south India. All the students from 1st year to 5th year (internship), both regular and supplementary batches were included. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used to assess burnout which consists of 15 items on three domains emotional exhaustion (EE), cynicism (CY), and professional efficacy (PE). All the responses were scored on a five point Likert scale. Mann–Whitney U-test and Poisson log-linear model were used. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: A total of 208 participants were included in the final analyses. Majority of the participants were females (84.1%) and 1st-year students (26.4%). The mean age of the participants was 20.6 ± 1.8 years. The prevalence of BS was 19.7%. A significant difference was seen for the participation in ECA and all the three domains (EE, CY, PE) of BS (P values 0.029, 0.004 and 0.006, respectively). Conclusion: The prevalence of burnout can be considered as high among the participants. Early screening for burnout in dental students and effective interventions at earlier stages is required.

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