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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 180-183

Bibliometric analysis of the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2014 to 2020


Department of Public Health Dentistry, Anil Neerukonda Institute of Dental Sciences, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Date of Submission03-Oct-2020
Date of Decision27-Oct-2020
Date of Acceptance14-Sep-2021
Date of Web Publication15-Oct-2021

Correspondence Address:
Janapareddy Karishma
Door No. 38-38-28/5, FCI Colony, Sivanagar, Marripalem, Visakhapatnam - 530 018, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_189_20

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  Abstract 


Background: The scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research, bibliometric methods are used to evaluate the standard of journal. Objective: The objective of the study is to analyze the publication trends of articles in the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry (JIAPHD) over a period of 7 years from 2014 to 2020 (till Vol 18, Issue 2) and describe quantitatively the number of articles published in each issue, type of articles, and place of the institution and to assess the quality of the journal and compare that with bibliometric analysis of JIAPHD from 2002 to 2013. Methodology: A retrospective observational study was conducted, and all issues of JIAPHD were electronically searched for the parameters: study design, area of interest of research, state/college where research was conducted, authorship pattern, source of articles published each year, changing study trends, and publication bias and compared with bibliometric analysis of JIAPHD from 2002 to 2013. Results: Total 411 articles were retrieved and compared to 676 articles of previous bibliometric analysis, of which 430 articles from 2002-2013 issues and 344 from 2014 to 2020 issues were descriptive studies,341 and 352 articles were questionnaire studies, 420 and 340 articles were from South zone respectively. Conclusion: Fields such as descriptive, analytical, experimental, laboratory research studies, letter to editor dominated the publications; participation from East zone was also visible; studies with non-significant results were also improved in the present analysis.

Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, public health dentistry, study designs, trends


How to cite this article:
Karishma J, Patti B, Parlapalli V, Pydi SK, Prathyusha C, Pallekonda AT. Bibliometric analysis of the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2014 to 2020. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2021;19:180-3

How to cite this URL:
Karishma J, Patti B, Parlapalli V, Pydi SK, Prathyusha C, Pallekonda AT. Bibliometric analysis of the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2014 to 2020. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Dec 6];19:180-3. Available from: https://www.jiaphd.org/text.asp?2021/19/3/180/328274




  Introduction Top


Scientific periodicals are the prime source of information and an important media for communication. They play a crucial role in publishing the articles containing the current development in any field of knowledge and for communicating the latest research findings.[1]

In the lifetime of a group of academic journals or in a single journal, numerous changes can occur. Thus, to document and analyze such changes, reliable techniques are needed. “A set of techniques to analyze academic literature quantitatively is termed as Bibliometrics.”[2]

”Bibliometrics” is an important scientific tool to evaluate the standard of a journal. Pritchard was first to define the subject of bibliometrics (1996) as “the application of mathematical and statistical methods to books as well as other media.”[3]

Bibliometrics is a quantitative study of different aspect of literature used to recognize the publication pattern like, length of the papers, authorship, geographical distribution, citations and so on to achieve insight into the dynamic growth rate of appreciation in the specific subject by adequate coverage of journal.[4]

The Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry (JIAPHD) is a peer-reviewed journal, since 1993 it is devoted to Public Health Dentistry. Contributions in the form of Reviews, Case Reports, Original Articles Updates, Recent Advances, Clinico pathological conferences, Short reports, includes epidemiology, biostatistics, Letters to editor, and oral health care are accepted.[5] Peer-reviewed publications have been designated as the “primary mode of communication and record for scientific research.[6]

It is possible to gauge the growth and other characteristic changes in the field with bibliometric information. Consequently, insights can be gained on how dentistry's collective body of knowledge is evolving over time.[7] Thus, in quality appraisal of a scientific journal highlighting the loopholes and showing the path for advancement, bibliometric analysis is of outstanding assessment.[3]

Hence, the present study was conducted with an objective to determine the trends and number of articles published in the JIAPHD from 2014 to 2020 and to compare the same with that of previous analysis from the year 2002-2013.


  Methodology Top


A retrospective observational study was conducted for JIAPHD from 2014 to 2020 (till Vol 18, Issue 2) and compared that with 2002–2013.

Data extraction strategy

All issues of the JIAPHD were electronically searched for articles published from 2014 to 2020 (till Vol 18, Issue 2) and assessed by the Principal investigator (KJ).

A checklist for collecting data was prepared; the variables collected are study designs, focus of the study, publication bias, article trends, number of authors per article, and institutional attachment of the authors that is whether they are from an educational institute or a private practioner as shown in [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Data extraction strategy

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Study mapping

The location where the study was conducted was identified. Thus, total number of publications in each state was determined.

The collected was compared with the previous data on bibliometric analysis of JIAPHD from 2002 to 2013[8] for quality assessment.

Statistical analysis

Descriptive analysis was done for study design focus of the study, studies published in different zones, publication bias, and number of authors.


  Results Top


A total of 411 were retrieved from JIAPHD published from 2014 to 2020 (till Vol 18, Issue 2) and compared 676 articles published from JIAPHD from 2002 to 2013.

The majority of the study designs published in both the bibliometric analysis from 2002 to 2013 and 2014-2020 of JIAPHD were observational studies (430 and 344, respectively). Study designs such as descriptive and analytical studies, experimental studies, and laboratory research (in vitro studies) increased from 2014 to 2020 showed improvement. Nonetheless, review articles and expert opinions were less in JIAPHD from 2014 to 2020 as compared to that of 2002–2013 analysis [Table 1].
Table 1: Comparison of type of study design for the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2002-2013 to 2014-2020

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JIAPHD articles from 2002–2013 to 2014–2020 had majority of articles on questionnaire regarding the knowledge, attitude, and practices studies (341 and 352, respectively), and moreover, the focus of the study on dental caries experience, periodontal status, and oral health status decreased from 2014 to 2020 when compared with that of 2002–2013 [Table 2].
Table 2: Comparison of focus of study for the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2002-2013 to 2013-2020

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The zonal representation shows a predominance of South zone and similar number of articles published in JIAPHD both from 2002–2013 to 2014–2020. Reduction of publication from north, central, and pan India zones is observed from 2014 to 2020. However, there is an increase in publications from East zone from 2014 to 2020 [Figure 2].
Figure 2: Comparison of studies published in different zones of India, for JIAPHD from 2002–2013 to 2013–2020

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Majority of the articles published had significant results in both the bibliometric analysis from 2002–2013 to 2014–2020 (233 and 299, respectively). Moreover, there is an increase in studies with no significant results published and rapid reduction in studies where no tests of significance could be applied (only descriptive stats) from 2014–2020 compared to 2002–2013 (341 and 74, respectively) [Table 3].
Table 3: Comparison of publication bias for the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2002-2013 to 2013-2020

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Most of the articles published in JIAPHD in both 2002–2013 and 2014–2020 had more than three authors (282 and 306, respectively). However, articles published by single author have been increased from 1 to 45 from 2002–2013 to 2014–2020 [Table 4].
Table 4: Comparison of number of authors for the Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry from 2002-2013 to 2013-2020

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  Discussion Top


Scientific journal provides a platform for conveying the research experiences and views in an effective and methodical manner to other researchers. It is expressed as authentic and unbiased source of information for various fields for finding out the scientific information.[9]

Historically to identify relationships among academic journal citations, bibliometric methods are used to measure or study texts and information. Bibliometric methods are used by research fields to explore the impact of their field, the impact of a set of researchers, or the impact of a particular paper.[10]

The assessment of the study design published in the journal showed a predominance of cross-sectional studies [Table 1] followed by experimental studies. The cross-sectional studies help us to analyze the probable etiologic agents and to determine the distribution and magnitude of a particular health situation in a population.[11] Comparable findings were reported by Jain et al. (2014)[8] and contrary to findings were reported by Dhillon et al.[12] and Poorni et al.,[13] where the majority of the studies in the branch of Pedodontics and Endodontics and conservative dentistry comprised of experimental studies and case reports.[12],[13] Letter to editor improved to 18 in the present study, letter to editor serves two main purposes, postpublication peer review and sharing experiences with fellow readers are equitably important in maintaining journals high standards.

The focus of the study [Table 2] was analyzed and categorized into 8 categories as per the information retrieved from the articles into dental caries, periodontal diseases, malocclusion, oral health status, prosthetic status/needs, dental materials/treatment methods, and others (questionnaire-based studies assessing knowledge, attitude, and practices of study participants). There was an inclination toward questionnaire studies and other qualitative aspects such as stress levels, behaviors of participants.

The zones of articles published showed predominance of South zone in JIAPHD in earlier bibliometric study[8] as well as now. This may be attributed to the fact that there are more teaching as well as postgraduation institutes in the south zone. However, earlier they were no studies reported from East zone of country which has now improved to 9 articles; this highlights the commendable efforts of the journal team which has made it possible for the journal to carve a niche for itself in the eastern part [Figure 2].

Bulk of the articles published had significant results reflecting publication bias [Table 3].

Most of the articles were of multiple authors which might be due to the combined efforts of more than three researchers required for the study as well as its reporting. However, this is incompatible to the findings of Warraich,[14] where majority the articles were of single authors [Table 4].


  Conclusion Top


The bibliometric analysis of JIAPHD from 2014 to 2020 in continuation with the previous bibliometric analysis from 2002 to 2013 showed decrease in numbers of articles published. Fields such as descriptive, analytical, experimental, laboratory research studies, letter to editor dominated the publications, participation from East zone was also visible, studies with nonsignificant results were also improved in the present analysis. On the other side of the coin like the earlier analysis concluded, most of the studies were descriptive, less policymaking studies and studies focusing on dental caries experience, periodontal status and studies on oral health status were reduced from previous analysis.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Thanuskodi S. Bibliometric analysis of the Indian journal of chemistry. Libr Philos Pract 2011:1-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
De Bellis N. Bibliometrics and Citation Analysis: From the Science Citation Index to Cybermetrics. Lanham, MD.: Scarecrow Press; 2009.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Jain S, Basavaraj P, Singla A, Singh K, Kundu H, Vashishtha V, et al. Bibliometric analysis of journal of clinical and diagnostic research (dentistry section; 2007-2014). J Clin Diagn Res 2015;9:C47-51.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Thangamani T, Palanippan M, Vinoth kumar C. A bibliometric analysis of the journal “Scientometrics” (2008-2017): A study based on web of science. Int J Next Gener Libr Technol 2008;4:1-15.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
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Available from: http://www.journals.iaphd.org/about.php. [Last accessed on 2020 Aug 07; Last updated on 2020 Aug17].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Brody T, Harnad S, Carr L. Earlier web usage statistics as predictors of later citation impact. J Assoc Inf Sci Technol 2006;57:1060-72.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Jayaratne YS, Zwahlen RA. The evolution of dental journals from 2003 to 2012: A bibliometric analysis. PLoS One 2015;10:e0119503.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Jain S, Patthi B, Singla A, Singh S, Singh K, Kundu H. Bibliometric analysis of two journals of community dentistry. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2014;12:256-60.  Back to cited text no. 8
  [Full text]  
9.
Shah AM, Shah RB. Trends of articles published in National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology (NJPPP). Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol 2013;3:111-7.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
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Manivannan G. The Indian journal of medical research (2000-2005): A bibliometric analysis. J Adv Libr Inf Sci 2012;2:100-3.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
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12.
Dhillon JK, Gill NC. Contribution of Indian pediatric dentists to scientific literature during 2002-2012: A bibliometric analysis. Acta Inform Med 2014;22:199-202.  Back to cited text no. 12
    
13.
Poorni S, Ramachandran S, Rooban T, Kumar PM. Contributions of Indian conservative dentists and endodontists to the medline database during 1996-2009: A bibliometric analysis. J Conserv Dent 2010;13:169-72.  Back to cited text no. 13
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
14.
Warraich NF. Pakistan journal of library and information science: A bibliometric analysis. Pak J Lib Inf Sci 2011;12:1-7.  Back to cited text no. 14
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2], [Table 3], [Table 4]



 

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