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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 684-688

Oral Health Status and Treatment needs of Institutionalized Special Subjects - A Comparative Study

Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Chinta Reddy Palem, Nellore-2. A.P, India

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Background: Oral health is often considered as a probable source of health inequalities in persons with neuromotor and mental deficiencies. Numerous studies reported poor oral health in subjects with disabilities, with this background present study aimed to assess and compare the oral health status and treatment needs of institutionalized special subjects. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was undertaken. Oral health status was recorded using WHO 1997 criteria with modifications including OHI-S index. Body mass index was calculated by measuring height and weight. Results: 141 subjects participated in the study, of which 48 were special subjects and 93 were normal subjects. 52.08% of special subjects and 74.15% of normal subjects belonged to 10-13yrs age group. Gender distribution was equal in both categories with maximum percentage of males. Special subjects had poor Oral hygiene with a mean OHI-S scores 2.9 1.5 than those of normal subjects with a mean OHI-S score 2.7 0.66. Mean caries experience of 3.01 teeth per individual was observed among special subjects compared to 0.55 teeth per individual in normal subjects .When BMI for age was compared, 49.4% of normal subjects were under weight, where as it was only 5% for special subjects. It was noted that 80% of special subjects were normal weight, where as it was only 35.4% for the normal subjects. Conclusion: Poor oral health was a major problem for special subjects. This may be related to the low physical and mental abilities of these individuals and consequent difficulties in maintaining oral hygiene.

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