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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 658-661

Oral Hygiene, Gingival and Periodontal Status in Down's Syndrome- A Comparitive Study

Department of Periodontics, K. S. R. Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode., India

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Aim: This study was conducted to determine and compare the oral hygiene status, the prevalence, extent and the severity of gingivitis and periodontitis in persons with Down's syndrome and healthy individuals. Methodology: The study group consisted of 44 individuals with Down's syndrome and 44, age and gender matched healthy controls aged 13- 30 years. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index, Gingival Index and the loss of attachment were determined for each participant. Results: The oral hygiene status in the individuals with Down's syndrome was significantly poorer than the healthy individuals. Within the Down's syndrome group the older individuals had a poorer oral hygiene and a greater extent and severity of gingivitis and periodontitis. The individuals with Down's syndrome had a significantly higher extent and severity of gingivitis and higher prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis than the healthy individuals. Conclusion: The observations made in this study suggest that the Down's syndrome individuals require special preventive and therapeutic strategies to establish and maintain a good periodontal health.

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