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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 622-627

Risk of Preterm Low Birth Weight Baby in Women with Periodontal disease

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, , I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, U.P. Pin: 201206, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies & Research, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, U.P. Pin: 201206, India

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The picture of the mother giving birth "early" due to a sudden external stressor is well known by the layperson. The true causes of this event and how it progresses are only now becoming more fully understood. This paper addresses the problem of adverse pregnancy outcome in relation to periodontal disease. There is compelling evidence that a link exists between pre-term low birth weight (PLBW) and periodontitis. Although 25% to 50% of PLBW deliveries occur without any known etiology, there is increasing evidence that infection may play a significant role in pre-term delivery. A model explaining the plausible relationship is proposed based upon the concept of infection leading to a cascade of inflammatory reactions associated with pre-term labour and periodontal disease. Considering the fact that periodontal infections are both preventable and readily treated, these findings provide new opportunities for early intervention strategies to reduce the incidence of preterm low birth weight. This paper reviews the potential association between periodontal infection and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

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