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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 585-593

Influence of Education and Socioeconomic Status on Awareness of Periodontal Disease. Part-I - Oral Hygiene Beliefs and Practices

Department of Periodontics, Ragas Dental College and Hospital, Chennai. 5Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, J.K.K.N. Dental College and Hospital, Komarapalayam, India

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Aim: The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of educational qualification and socioeconomic status (SES) on oral health perceptions and practices in a south Indian population. Materials and methods: A multicentric questionnaire based study was performed among 600 people with periodontal disease who visited dental hospitals. Questions regarding oral hygiene practices, reason for dental visits and access to dental care were evaluated based on educational qualification and socioeconomic status. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS 10.0, using descriptive statistics, t-test and Pearson's chi-square test. Results: More than SES, educational qualification (twice daily habit of tongue cleaning [24.1%] and mouth rinsing [48.5%]; p<.05 practiced among graduates) significantly affected oral hygiene practices and frequency of routine dental visits (32.09% graduates reported for regular dental check up). Most of the study subjects practiced oral hygiene measures for cleanliness of mouth (68%) and as daily routine (24%) irrespective of their education or SES.

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