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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 564-569

Dental Caries and Oral Hygiene Status amongst Disabled Children and Young Adults in Erode, Chidambaram and Cuddalore Towns

1 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Trichengode, Tamilnadu, India
2 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Chidambaram, India

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The present cross sectional study was carried out among 362, 3 - 16 year old children with different types of handicapping conditions. The data were collected using the methods and standards recommended by WHO for the oral health surveys, 1997. Dentition status and treatment needs were assessed by using type III examination procedure. Statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS software package (version 10). Dental caries was higher in handicapped children than normal children. The mean deft in primary dentition was found to be 3.74 2.34. The mean DMFT in permanent dentition was 2.67 1.69. The finding of this study demonstrates that prevalence of dental caries was highest in physically handicapped children. The decayed component constituted the majority of dental caries index. Oral hygiene status was poor in the disadvantaged children as compared to the normal school going children. Developmental disorder group children showed significantly poor oral hygiene. Among different disabled category physical handicapped showed lack of conservative approach. The results confirmed disabled population treatment needs were unmet. Hence people with handicaps deserve the same opportunities for dental services as those who are healthy.

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