Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the influence of frequency and duration of smoking on the periodontal status and to compare the periodontal status among young smokers and non-smokers.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 961 employees of Nuclear power station kaiga, karawar, Karnataka. Information on smoking habits along with frequency and duration was collected by using a specially designed format. The periodontal status was recorded by using CPI index. Data was analyzed using SPSS.
Results: Mean number of sextants per individual with periodontal pocket measuring 4 mm or more was observed significantly higher (p<0.001) in smokers compared to non-smokers. Mean number of sextants per individual with loss of attachment of 4 mm or more was observed significantly higher (p<0.001) in smokers compared to non-smokers. Severity of Periodontal disease was evident with increase in frequency and duration of cigarette smoking. The risk of developing periodontal pocket and loss of attachment was
9 times and 6 times more among smokers respectively.
Conclusion: The severity of periodontal disease depends on the frequency and duration of smoking habit. Therefore smoking is risk factor which is strongly associated with periodontal problem.