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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 459-463

Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among outpatients attending Government Dental College, Bangalore

1 Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College, Bangalore, India
2 Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Mulana Dental College, Ambala, India

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Background: Extensive review of literature revealed that except for oral cancers and potentially malignant oral conditions, very few studies have been reported to document the prevalence of entire range of possible oral mucosal lesions among outpatients. The early diagnosis of certain oral mucosal lesions can effectively prevent the complications and fatalities. Objectives: 1. To find out the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and its awareness. 2. To find out the prevalence of deleterious habits and other risk factors associated with various oral mucosal lesions. Methodology: A total of 7500 outpatients [4069 males and 3494 females] aged 3 to 80 years were examined during a period of 10 months using type III clinical examination as suggested by ADA. For diagnosis of the lesions WHO, Axell's and Pindborg's criteria were used. Results: The overall prevalence of various oral mucosal lesions was found to be 15.9%, highest being smoker's melanosis 1.3% and least being herpes labialis 0.1%. It was observed that 22.9% of the outpatients had various deleterious habits with significant higher prevalence among males 35%. Significant higher prevalence of lesions 32.1% was found among patients with various habits. Conclusion: The study suggests that overall prevalence of oral mucosal lesions was high and most of the patients with lesions were unaware of their presence. There is a great need to lessen the prevalence, to increase the awareness regarding oral mucosal lesions and also to prevent the deleterious oral habits.

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