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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 435-440

Knowledge attitude and practice regarding oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS among Medical and Dental house surgeons in Davangere city, Karnataka, India

1 Department of Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere. Karnataka-577 004, India
2 Department of Community Dentistry, IPS center for Dental Studies and Research, Delhi- Meerut Road, Ghaziabad- 201206, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background: AIDS considered as the modern pandemic of the world with India's HIV/AIDS prevalence being second in the world. Oral health issues have been identified as a significant health issue in HIV-infected individuals. Oral diseases, if unchecked can lead to malnutrition and inability to adhere to life-sustaining HIV medication regimens. The house surgeons are the persons who frequently come across HIV/AIDS patients thereby playing an important role in diagnosing and rendering treatment to these patients. Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS among medical and dental house surgeons in Davangere city, Karnataka, India. Methodology: A total of 300 medical and dental house surgeons of one medical college and two dental colleges of Davangere city were included in the questionnaire based survey. Results: Majority of the respondents (81%) had come across an HIV/AIDS patient in the hospitals. 76% of respondents said they do perform an oral examination and 72.9% respondents identified oral candidiasis as the most common oral lesion seen in HIV/AIDS patient. Only 39% of the respondents were aware of a diagnostic test for HIV which uses oral fluid. Only 26.9% of the respondents have referred cases to the dentists for opinion. Vast majority (89.7%) said they require further training. Conclusion: The present study indicates that house surgeons are less well prepared for their future task of diagnosing and treating patients with oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS and thus highlights a need for improving the curriculum regarding oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS.

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