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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 412-418

Association of Anti-asthmatic Medication and Dental Caries Among 4-16 Year Old Children Attending Selected Hospitals in Bangalore City, India

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences and Research Centre Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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The association of anti-asthmatic drugs on dental caries status of 4-16 year old asthmatic children was assessed. A cross-sectional study was done on 430 asthmatic children aged 4-16 years. The details on various combinations of anti-asthmatic drugs, forms, oral hygiene practices and snacking habits were obtained from patient's records, by consulting the pediatrician treating these children or by interviewing their parents/caregivers. Dental caries status was assessed using DMFS (Decayed, Missing and Filled Surfaces) and dmfs (decayed, missing and filled surfaces) indices along with application of WHO modification, 1987. Majority of the children (34.6%) used combination of inhaler, syrup and tablet forms of drugs and were prescribed Group II ( 2-agonist corticosteroids) medication (41.9%). The prevalence of caries in primary teeth (dmfs) among 4-10 years age group was found to be 32%, whereas permanent teeth showed caries prevalence of 21.4%. Among 11-16 years old subjects DMFS was 28.6%. Primary teeth caries experience was significantly higher in children given Group I ( 2-agonist) medication in the form of inhaler and syrup form whereas DMFS was more among inhaler group. Asthmatics experience higher dental caries compared to the healthy individuals and those prescribed 2 agonist alone in the form of inhaler and syrup are at a higher risk of caries.

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