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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 364-374

Periodontal status and dental caries experience of granite factory employees in Nanjangud taluk, Mysore

Department of Public Health Dentistry, J.S.S. Dental College and Hospital, Mysore-15, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: Health is multi - factorial which lies both within the individual and externally in the society in which he or she lives. Studies in the past among factory workers and miners have revealed the high prevalence of Dental caries and periodontal disease which is associated with poor oral hygiene maintenance, poor dental attendance, and tobacco habits etc. Objectives: Objectives of this study are to assess and compare oral health status and treatment needs of granite factory employees in Nanjangud Taluk with general population also to suggest possible measures to improve their oral health status. Method: A Descriptive Cross sectional survey was conducted on 453 granite factory employees in Thandya industrial area, Nanjangud Taluk. A simple random sampling was used to select 450 subjects as comparative group from Thandavapura village. Community Periodontal Index, Loss of attachment and Dental caries experience was recorded according to WHO oral health assessment (1997). Data was analyzed using SPSS version. Results: Prevalence of periodontal disease was higher among factory employees which was 96% compared to general population (90.9%) (P 0.001). Whereas prevalence of dental caries was higher among general population which was 63.3% compared to 49.4% among factory employees (P 0.003). While highest prevalence of periodontal disease and dental caries was seen highest in transportation unit workers (99.2% and 58.1%). Conclusion: Our study showed that factory employees are more affected by periodontal diseases which might be due to high use tobacco habits and poor oral hygiene habits. General population exhibited higher prevalence of caries which might be due to high rate of sweet consumption.

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