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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 249-254

Oral Health Assessment and Treatment Needs of the Students in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalays in Maharashtra - An Epidemiological Study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sinhagad Dental College and Hospital, Vadgaon, Pune, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, D.Y. Patil Dental College and Hospital, Pimpri, Pune, India

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Aim : To find out Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs of the students aged 10-18 years in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalays, Maharashtra. Setting and design: The study was carried out amongst 3500 students in the age range of 10 -18 years of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalays using WHO Oral Health Assessment form (1997) in few selected districts of Maharashtra. Type III clinical examination (ADA 1970) was carried out using mouth mirror and a CPI probe. A two stage sampling technique was applied. Kappa statistics was applied to check for the intra examiner reliability. Data obtained was presented using descriptive epidemiological methods. Results and conclusions: The overall caries prevalence in the survey subjects in the permanent dentition was 22.11% and an almost equal number who were having caries had not taken any treatment for it (both in the deciduous and permanent dentition). Mean number of decayed permanent teeth per person was 1. Mean number of teeth per subject requiring one surface filling was 0.67. Percentage of subjects with calculus was 55%. Mean number of sextants with bleeding or higher score, calculus or higher score was 3.48/2.50 respectively. Percentage of the subjects with malocclusion was 40.5% in 12-18yrs. The study clearly indicated lack of oral health care services.

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