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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 5-9

A study of oral health status of chronically ill children aged between 6-12 years in Bangalore city

1 Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, KLE. Society's Institute of Dental Sciences, Bangalore-560022, India
2 Professor and HOD, Dept. of Community Dentistry, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore-560002, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Chronic disease is not only a disease that persists over a long period of time, but one whose symptoms or disabilities are prolonged either because healing cannot take place or because of the continued activity of the disease process. The Commission on Chronic lllness in USA [WHO (1984) TRS, 703] has defined "Chronic diseases" as comprising of all impairments or deviations from normal. Method: 200 chronically ill children aged 6-12years attending pediatric out patient departments and admitted in the pediatric wards in Government Hospitals in Bangalore formed the study group. First, an interview with parents regarding demographic details, illnesses etc. are recorded. Then the clinical examination of the child to assess the oral health status. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's Correlation Co-efficient and Chi-square tests are carried out to statistically analyse the data. Result: Among 200 chronically ill children, 91.5% had good oral hygiene, 95% had mild gingivitis. The mean dmft &DMFT is significantly higher in 8 and 9years age group children, dmfs is found to be significantly higher among 9 and lOyears old children, DMFS is higher among 12year old children. Conclusion: The dental profession has the capability of providing comprehensive oral care as a part of health care team. The need for these skills is greatest among patients suffering from chronic illness. These children should receive regular dental care during their routine medical check-ups.

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