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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 202-212

Oral Cancer Screening: Mass Screening for Oral Cancer - A Public Health Perspective

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences And Research Centre Bangalore, Kamataka, India

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Worldwide, oral cancer is considered as the most common cancer and it has very low survival rates. It is well recognized that survival rates are improved if the disease is identified early and treated in its early stages. The World Health Organization has clearly stated that one of its objectives in the control of the oral cancer burden worldwide is early detection through regular screening. Screening of oral cancer and its pre-invasive intra-epithelial stages, at a mass level is still largely based on visual examination of the mouth. There is strong available evidence to suggest that visual inspection of the oral mucosa is effective in reducing mortality from oral cancer in individuals exposed to risk factors. Simple visual examination is well known to be limited by subjective interpretation. As a consequence, adjunctive techniques have been suggested to increase dentist's ability to differentiate between benign abnormalities and dysplastic/malignant changes as well as to identify areas of dysplasia/early OSCC that are not visible to naked eye. The present paper discusses regarding Oral cancer, various techniques available for screening of oral cancer and prospects of use in screening programs.

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