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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 193-201

Dental Caries Prevalence and Treatment Needs Among Davangere Preschool Children

1 Govt. Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore-560 002, India
2 UP Dental College Lucknow, UP, India
3 Teathamkar Mahaver Dental College, UP, India
4 Dean and Director, Professor and HOD, Dept. of Public Health Dentistry, Govt. Dental College, fort, Bangalore-2, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: Oral health has been recognized as an integral part of general health and well being. Generally the dental problems in the preschool children are neglected by their parents as the deciduous teeth are going to be shed off and considered to be of no importance and an economic burden if attended to them. Objectives: 1. To determine the caries prevalence, 2. To analyze the specific pattern of dental caries experience in this population and 3. To assess the treatment needs among them. Methodology: children within the age group of 3-5 years attending kindergarten/Anganwadi schools of Davangere city were included in the study. Caries diagnosis was based on def surface and tooth index given by Grubbel .A.O ( 1944) , caries pattern was recorded using caries analysis system described by Radike in 1972, and the treatment needs were recorded using WHO oral Health Assessment form 1987 (simplified). Results: Out of 1500 children examined 48.7 males and 52.6 females did not require any treatment The mean deft values were found to be significantly high in 5 year old subjects when compared to 3 year old subjects. (P < 0.01). Majority of the children required one surface filling (27.4% males, 22.2% females) followed by two surface filling (26.4% males, 18.8% females), caries arresting sealant care (19.8% males, .1% females), extraction (5.2% males, 4.9% females), crown bridge element (2.1% males, 0.7% females), pulp care (0.9% males, 1.3% females) and space maintainer (0.1% males, 0.6.% females). Conclusion: The most commonly seen pattern was pit and fissure, then maxillary anterior pattern, posterior proximal pattern and posterior buccal lingual smooth surface pattern. The mean deft values were higher in males as compared to females. One surface filling was the commonly required treatment for both males and females.

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