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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 17  |  Page : 185-192

Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs of Musicians in Mysore City

1 Dept of Community Dentistry, Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital & Research Centre, Bengaluru, India
2 Dept of Community Dentistry, J.S.S. Dental College, Mysore, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Objectives: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of Musicians in Mysore City. To suggest measures to improve their existing oral health status. Materials and Methods :The study population included all the musicians of both the Private and Government Bands in Mysore City. The musicians playing wind instruments through their mouth were only included. All the available 107 subjects (57-government and 50-private) were examined with their consent. Prior permission was obtained from the concerned authorities. participants were questioned about their demographic details, dietary habits, oral hygiene practices, personal habits, the instrument they played, duration and frequency of playing the instrument The subjects were also questioned about jaw problems pain in the temporomandibular joint region, dryness of mouth and pigmentation of oral mucosa. oral health status was recorded on the WHO oral health assessment form 1997 (modified). The examination was carried out under natural light by using mouth mirrors and CPI probe. Results: A total of 107 subjects (50 private & 57 Government) were examined. prevalence of periodontal diseases was 92% in the private bands and 85% in the government bands. The prevalence of dental caries was 64.5% and the total DMFI was 3.69. It was observed that 56.3% of the musicians had pigmentation on the lips whilst the prevalence of malocclusion was 60.5% and 54% of the musicians complained of pain in the temporomandibular joint region and dryness of mouth. Condusion: The high prevalence of periodontal disease in private bands (92%) when compared to government bands (85%) may be due to pernicious habits like smoking, drinking and panchewing (Government 56% Private-69.5%) prevalence of malocclusion, mouth dryness and pain in the temporomandibular joint region maybe due to the long duration and frequency of playing the musical instruments. significant finding was the prevalence of pigmentation of the lips, which may be due to the playing of instruments with brass mouthpieces that was absent in musicians using nickel/steel mouthpieces.

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