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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 16  |  Page : 72-77

Oral Hygiene Status of School - Going Muslim Population Associated with the use of Miswak in Lucknow, India

Junior Resident, Professor, Lecturer, Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow. 226025 (U.P ), India, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: The oral hygiene habits in certain population depend upon various factors such as cultural background, religious norms, educational levels and socioeconomic status. 'Miswak' as an oral hygiene aid is in widespread use among muslim population due to religious norms. This study has taken up to evaluate the efficacy of 'miswak' as an oral hygiene aid. Goal: The purpose of the study was to assess and compare the oral hygiene status in young adult population of lucknow city who use 'miswak', toothbrush & toothpaste or combination of both for their routine oral hygiene practices. Materials & Methods: The study population has been selected from residential and non-residential madrasa schools in lucknow city. It is comprised of strictly 'miswak' users group i, toothbrush & tooth paste users group ii & combination of both group iii with age ranging from 12-20 years. assessment of oral hygiene status was done by using the following indices- gingival index (Loe & Silness 1963), oral hygiene index simplified (green and vermillion 1964) and plaque index (Silness & Loe H 1964). Result: Results indicated that, there was no statistically significant difference of OHI-S score and plaque index score between groups (p= 0.104 & (p= 0.103) respectively. on the other hand, group 1 had a significantly lower mean gingival index score compared to group ii (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The study concluded that apart from gingival status, miswak users exhibited little improved plaque and OHI-S score status as compared to strict toothbrush users.

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