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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 16  |  Page : 36-39

Aviation Dentistry: "the neglected field by dentists in India". A Review Article

Head of the Department, Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry; U.P. Dental College and Research Centre; Lucknow. Post graduate student of Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, U.P. Dental College and Research Centre; Lucknow, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aviation dentistry is concerned with evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, disorders or conditions related to oral cavity, maxillofacial area or adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the body, of people travelling as passengers or aircrew members themselves. At high altitude, the oxygen decreases and has a deleterious effect on teeth, fillings, gums and the mouth. Barodontalgia is an emergency condition which needs immediate treatment. The tooth damage is experienced when there are inferior quality restorations and unrestored teeth with and without caries. Reduced atmospheric pressure has effect on retention factors of denture. A common complaint of long range fighter pilots is that decrease in oxygen at high altitude induces xerostomia. Dental problems are not a reason enough for grounding the patients for treatment. Lack of proper examination or lack of co operation can often lead to severe dental problems for the aircrews. Therefore, proper analysis and treatment before planning to travel is must for aircrews.

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