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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 16  |  Page : 202-207

Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs among 6-12 years old school going children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh - A Cross sectional study

1 Sr. Lecturer, Deptt. of Preventive & Community Dentistry HP.Govt. Dental College & Hospital, Shimla (H.P.) -171001, India
2 Director-Principa Swami Devi Dyal Dental College and Hospita Vill: Golpura, Teh.: Barwala, Distt.-Panchkula (Haryana) -134009, India

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Objective: This study was done to examine caries prevalence and treatment needs in 6-12 years old school children in Shimla city - Himachal Pradesh. Materials and Method: A total of 1200 children (594 boys and 606 girls) of 11 govt. schools in Shimla city aged 6-12 years were examined using WHO index, to record the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs. The results were subjected to statistical analysis using chi square test. Results: Dental caries in primary dentition was found among 79.63% and 77.63% of male and female students respectively. 34.01% of male students and 48.02% of female students were affected with dental caries in permanent dentition. Mean deft was higher for males as compared to the females for all age groups. Similarly mean DMFT was higher for males as compared to females for age group 6-7 years whereas for age group 8-9 and 10-12 years females had a higher DMFT than females. Two or more surface and one surface restoration was treatment of choice for both the gender in primary and permanent dentition respectively. Conclusion: High prevalence of dental caries in school children in Shimla city is a cause of concern which point out to the utmost necessity of regular periodic check-up and application of preventive measures and treatment modalities.

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