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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 16  |  Page : 13-19

A Study of feeding habits and it's relation to early childhood caries experience in young children of 1-3 years age in Bangalore city

1 Dept. of Community Dentistry, Krishnadevaraya College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Bangalore-562157, India
2 Professor and HOD, Dept. of Community Dentistry Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore-560002, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Early Childhood caries (ECC) is a specific form of rampant caries affecting the primary teeth of infants as a result of improper feeding habits and/or prolonged unrestricted bottle and breast feeding. Method: 440 young children aged between 1-3years attending the pediatric outpatient departments of Government Hospitals in Bangalore city along with their parents formed the study group. First, the clinical examination of the child to assess dental caries experience. Secondly, a questionnaire designed in both English and regional language Kannada to elicit information from parents. Chi-square test is carried out at 5% level of significance (a= 0.05). Result: Among 440 children, majority of them, 11.4% having ECC belongs to 31-36 months of age and 10% children having ECC come from lower lower socio-economic class. Significantly high number of children 33(7.5%) having ECC were on breast and bottle feeding compared to other methods. Conclusions: Prevention of ECC on the whole had been focused on education of mothers mainly to alter the feeding practices and thereby reducing mutans streptococci infection. These educational programs to be focused on prospective parents and new parents.

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