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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 15  |  Page : 53-60

Antimicrobial Mouth rinses and Periodontal Disease: A Review

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There is a two-fold rationale for daily use of antimicrobial mouthrinses: first, given the inadequacy of mechanical plaque control by the majority of people, as a component added to oral hygiene regimens for the control and prevention of periodontal diseases; second, as a method of delivering antimicrobial agents to mucosal sites throughout the mouth that harbor pathogenic bacteria capable of recolonizing supragingival and subgingival tooth surfaces, thereby providing a complementary mechanism of plaque control. The daily use of an effective antiplaque antigingivitis antimicrobial mouthrinse is well-supported by a scientific rationale and can be a valuable component of oral hygiene regimens. This article emphasizes the incorporation of effective antimicrobial mouthrinses into a daily oral hygiene regimen along with mechanical plaque control methods. The authors also review studies demonstrating the essential etiologic role of a pathogenic dental plaque biofilm in the development of gingivitis, as well as studies indicating that most people fail to maintain a level of mechanical plaque control sufficient to prevent disease.

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