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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 14  |  Page : 7-11

A Review of Authorship issues in Research Publication

Senior Lecturer, St Joseph Dental College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India

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Only an individual who has made substantial intellectual contributions should be an author. Defining about what constitutes authorship is slightly controversial. According to International Committee of Medical Journal Editor {ICMIE}, to qualify as an author one should 1. have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2. have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3. have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Very frequently we fmd Thesis or dissertation of Postgraduate students published in our journals which contain multiple authors. Since authorship is a very valuable piece of intellectual property, two key issues what I would like to highlight through this review is who should be considered as first author in such publications? And the second issue is 'undeserved authorship'. The ICMJE guidelines are a good starting point for determining who qualifies to be an author, but they do not provide detailed guidance applicable for all situations. Furthermore some journals have adopted a system of listing contributors rather than authors. Therefore, the individual requirements of different journals should be respected.

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