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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 14  |  Page : 49-54

Pregnancy and Periodontal Status - A Follow Up Study

1 M.S.Ramaiah Dental College, Bangalore, India
2 R.K.D.F Dental College, Bhopal, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Aims and Objectives 1. To assess the gingival and periodontal status in pregnant women during the first, second and third trimester. 2. To compare the same with there matched controls (non pregnant subjects). Method: The study consisted of 80 pregnant and 80 non-pregnant women between the age group of 18-35 years old. Ramfjord's periodontal disease index was used to assess for plaque, calculus, gingival and periodontal status and was recorded on the proforma at intervals of three months. Results: There was a progressive increase in the plaque, calculus and gingival scores from the first to the third trimester in pregnant subjects compared to the controls that was statistically significant (p<0.001) and no statistical difference was found in the periodontal status between the groups. Conclusion: Progressive increase in plaque and calculus scores associated with gingival changes was observed from first to third trimester of pregnancy. This could be due to exaggerated response of gingiva to the hormonal and vascular changes during pregnancy.

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