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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 14  |  Page : 176-184

Dentition Status and Treatment Needs among 12 and 15 Year Old School Children of Different Socioeconomic Strata in a Fluoride Belt Area

ACPM Dental College & Hospital, Dept of Community Dentistry, Sakri Road, Dhule-424001, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background and Objectives: In-equalities in oral health have been demonstrated consistently to be linked to differences in socioeconomic backgrounds. The present study was designed to assess dentition status and treatment needs among 12 and 15 year old school children belonging to different socioeconomic strata in India. Methodology: A cross sectional survey with stratified random sampling was conducted among 1,500 school children, 300 children representing the socioeconomic class from Class I to Class V. Dentition status & treatment needs were assessed according to oral health assessment form as prescribed in Basic Oral Health Surveys, W.H.O. Results: The mean DMFT was 1.70 1.91 and 2.15 2.20 among 12 and 15 years respectively, it was higher for low SE group children in both the age groups p 0.001 . Lower SE group required more complex treatment needs and needed multiple treatment modalities p 0.001 . 25% of the children had questionable to mild fluorosis in both the age groups and difference was statistically significant across the various social strata. Interpretation and Conclusions: The study reveled that SES, oral hygiene frequency and abnormal oral habits were significantly associated with dental caries experience and treatment needs.

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