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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 14  |  Page : 107-113

Retrospective Analysis of Oral Cancer at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India (2003-2007): A Hospital Based Study

1 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, H.P Government Dental College & Hospital Shimla, India
2 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, M M College of Dental Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Objective: To analyze the profile of oral cancer patients at Regional Cancer Centre, Indira Gandhi Medical college (RCC IGMC), Shimla for the years 2003-2007. Method: A retrospective study of patients with oral cancers treated from 2003-2007 at RCC IGMC Shimla was conducted using the tumor registry data. Demographic characteristics, tobacco use and oral cancer characteristics related to site, histology and stage at presentation were recorded from patient file records at RCC, Shimla Analysis: Percentages and proportions. Results: Male: female ratio was 2.9:1. Most patients belonged to 51-60 years age group. 78% patients were smokers, out of which 81.5% smoked bidis, 11.8% smoked cigarettes and 6.5% chewed tobacco. Tongue was the commonest site of occurrence. Histologically, 95.6% were squamous cell carcinoma out of which 57.4% were well differentiated. Conclusion: The relative frequency of oral cancer is low in the state of Himachal Pradesh which may be due to less prevalence of chewing tobacco (khaini, ghutka, or any other chewable form).

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