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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 33-36

Prevalence of Dental Caries and Periodontal Status Among Diabetic Patients of Davangere City, Karnataka, India

1 Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere - 577 004,Karnataka, India
2 Department of Medicine, JJM Medical College and Hospital, Davangere, India

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Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent worldwide endocrine disorder. Oral health complications reportedly associated with diabetes, that may be encountered by dental practitioners include xerostomia, tooth loss, gingivitis, periodontitis, odontogenic abscesses, dental caries and opportunistic infections on tongue and mucosa. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess prevalence of dental caries and periodontal status among diabetic patients of Davangere city, Karnataka, India. Methodology: 'Ibis descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Davangere city, Kamataka, India. The study sample consisted of 150 diabetic patients who were regular patients at the Alur Chandrashekarappa Memorial Hospital, Davangere. Type-ill clinical examination was followed as recommended by the American Dental Association (ADA) specification. The dental caries were assessed by using Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) and Surfaces (DMFS) indices. The periodontal status was assessed by using Community Periodontal Index (CPI) and Loss of Attachment (LOA). Results: DMFT score was greater in patients over 40 years (4.14 ± 2.21) than in the age group below years (3.69 ± 2.67) [x2 = 15 , p= 0.11 NS] and DMFS was found to be greater in the patients older than 40 years (6.88 ± 5.47) when compared with those of the patients below 40 years (6.44 ± 6.99) [x2"" 39.16, p"" 0.002 (S)]. CPI-scores, only 3.3% of the patients reported with diabetes had healthy gingiva, .3% were recorded pocket depth of 4-5 mm, and 12.7% displayed pocket depth of 6 mm or more, 25.3 % of the reported cases showed score 0 (loss of attachment 0-3 mm), 46.7 % of them scored 1 (loss of attachment of 4-5 mm), 16.0% scored 2 (loss of attachment of 6-8 mm), 12.0% showed loss of attachment of 9-12 mm and none of them were scored 4. No statistically significant difference was observed among two age group for Loss of Attachment (LOA) [X2 = 4.17, P "" 0.24, NS]. Conclusion: There is significant association between diabetes mellitus and oral health. Hence more emphasis should be given for health education about diabetes mellitus and its medical and dental complications.

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